16 Cow Facts: Discovering More About These Important Farm Animals

Cows appear to be uncomplicated, peaceful animals. But these creatures are more complex than they appear!

Cows are incredibly fascinating animals, both for their distinctive physical characteristics and high emotional intelligence levels.

These are some amazing cow facts that may change the way you perceive cows.

Did you know a cow may harbor a lifelong grudge against you if you upset it? Or that you probably swim better than the majority of cows? Continue reading to discover more amazing cow-related facts.

Interesting Cow Facts

Cows are close pals

Friendly Cows

It goes without saying that cows are sociable creatures. They develop strong ties with other cows and can even develop attachments to people.

Do you realize that cows have best friends? Like us, they prefer to spend time with specific individuals to establish close relationships.

According to research, cows are more at ease and satisfied when they are with their best friend. Also, nursing cows make more milk when they are happy and close to a best friend.

Also, studies have shown that separating cows from their closest pals cause them great trauma. Cows bellow in sorrow when they are separated from their loved ones.

Six kilometers distant, cows can detect your scent

Don’t be surprised if a cow smells you the next time you try to sneak up on it before it hears or sees you.

The cow’s sharp nose can pick up scents to 6 miles away! Cows can discriminate between different plant species, find food, and escape predators because of their keen sense of smell.

Moreover, cows are capable of remembering up to 50 different odors! The aromas of grass, clover, and alfalfa are a few of the botanical scents that cows can recall. A cow can detect the scents of cougars, coyotes, and wolves.

Cows can swim very well.

Cows can Swim

Cows can swim for kilometers at a time and are surprisingly good swimmers. They also have strong legs that allow them to paddle through the water with ease.

Here’s a demonstration of a cow’s amazing swimming prowess. A Dutch cow braved a heroic 62-mile (100-kilometer) swim on the Maas River in 2021 to stay alive during a flood.

When rising waters swamped her meadow, her trip began. She could get to a neighboring dyke, but due to the increasing water, she was forced to swim against strong currents for her life.

Cows enjoy a challenge.

Cows are intelligent creatures who enjoy exploring and learning new things. They consequently examine their surroundings regularly. Cows enjoy figuring out how things work, even when it’s a difficult riddle to solve.

The great intelligence of cows contributes to some of their curiosity. Cows, for instance, have been observed attempting to understand how novel objects function.

Cows enjoy putting themselves in difficult situations so much that they will even use their noses to nudge a gate latch or a computer mouse.

The stomach of cows has four chambers.

Four Chambered Stomach of Cows

The first three chambers of the cow’s stomach, which has four total, are used for digesting. For the food the cow eats to be absorbed into the circulation and utilized by the cow’s body, the food must first be broken down by the four stomach chambers.

The cow’s food collects in the rumen, its first stomach chamber, just after eating. Here, the rumen’s resident bacteria and other microorganisms assist in the breakdown of the food. Muscle contractions further digest the food in the reticulum, the second stomach chamber.

Up to 40 liters of saliva can be produced by cows each day

Although you may be aware that cows create a lot of salivae, did you realize they also produce 20 to 40 gallons daily? Due to their high amounts of saliva, cows can break down food more effectively through their four-chamber stomach.

Adult cows “may eat upwards of 55 pounds of grain per day on a dry matter basis,” according to Oregon State University’s blog titled Dairy Bearing.

For a cow’s digestive system to properly lubricate all that dry grain, 20 to 40 gallons of saliva must be produced daily.

Cows spend a lot of time lying about and sleep relatively little.

Sleepy Cows

Just roughly four of the 14 hours that cows can spend lying down each day are actually spent sleeping. It’s astonishing that adult cows only require half as much sleep as people for such large animals.

Nonetheless, cows get extra rest because they lie down for more than half of the day. Also, because it keeps them healthy all around, their practice of sleeping longer increases their lives.

Cows lie down for better digestion in addition to relaxing their leg muscles. Ruminal acidosis, a prevalent cattle illness, is less common when the animal lies down.

Cows are vindictive

Cows form strong bonds with other animals and recall unpleasant events and the creatures (including people) associated with them. So yes, cows do harbor resentments that might last a lifetime.

Researchers at Bristol University who study animal welfare have discovered that cows have a startling and sophisticated emotional intelligence.

Cows remember wrongdoing or causing them pain for years and may never forget it. If a cow is relocated, especially if taken away from its pals, it may harbor resentment toward its owners.

Cows have essentially panoramic eyesight in all directions

Panoramic Eyesight of Cows

Cows’ eyes are on the sides of their heads, giving them a 330-degree field of view. Thanks to their vast field of vision, they can see practically everything around them without having to turn their heads.

A cow’s 360-degree vision aids in defending it against predator assaults and other health and safety risks, including bad weather.

Other than having a wide field of vision, cows have unique eyes. Moreover, cows have a third eyelid that shields their eyes from dust and debris.

Cattle cannot see red.

Sorry matadors, but the bright red capes you wear are more of a yellowish-gray color to the bulls.

Male bulls and female cows lack the retinal receptor for the color red; hence, they cannot perceive it. Bovines don’t appear to be able to perceive the crimson colors, just blue, green, violet, and yellow.

But why does a matador’s red cape frighten bulls? The movement of the cloth rather than its color arguably has more to do with a bull charging a matador.

Do cows get teeth?

Cows Teeth

Cows have 32 teeth and chew 40–50 times per minute on average. A cow may move their jaws up to 40,000 times daily while chewing for up to eight hours.

Farmers must harvest grass so that cattle can consume it in the winter because it isn’t accessible for cattle to graze during the winter. Simply put, the fields must yield enough hay to feed the animals all winter.

Cows are ruminants

Cows are ruminants, which are mammals that chew their cud. Sheep, giraffes, goats, and deer are a few examples of other ruminant mammals.

Cows have one stomach with four digestive compartments: the rumen (where the cud comes from), the reticulum, the omasum, and the abomasum (somewhat similar to a human stomach).

The rumen, a cow’s primary stomach, may hold up to 50 liters of partially digested food. An average cow will eat roughly 40 pounds of food each day.

Cows originated in Turkey.

Cows in Turkey

Domestic cows, often called taurine cows, were initially tamed in southeast Turkey about 10,500 years ago. They are descended from wild oxen known as aurochs.

Around 7,000 years ago, a second subspecies of cattle, also known as zebu cattle, underwent a different domestication process in India. 

Even though overhunting and habitat destruction caused the wild aurochs to become extinct in 1627, their genetics are still present in many of their offspring, including water buffalo, wild yaks, and domestic cows.

These animals are very social.

According to some research, cows have preferred buddies and might get anxious when they are separated from one another. Cows prefer to spend their time together. 

Female bovine had lower heart rates and cortisol levels while with a preferred companion compared to a random cow, according to research by Krista McLennan that examined isolation, heart rates, and cortisol levels.

Cows can swim well

Although it may not seem like cows would enjoy the water, any cowboy will tell you they can swim. In truth, ranchers and farmers have been moving cows between pastures or across the country for years using the traditional ability of “swimming cattle” over a river. 

Cows will wade into ponds and lakes to cool themselves and avoid flies in the summer, even without a farmer herding them.

Cows don’t get a lot of sleep.

Cows Don’t Get A Lot Of Sleep

Cows lie down about 10 to 12 hours a day, yet most of that time is spent relaxing and not sleeping.

A typical cow will actually sleep for only four hours a day, frequently spaced out throughout the day. Lack of sleep can hurt a cow’s health, productivity, and behavior, according to studies on sleep.

Since we’re talking about sleep, it’s important to remember that, unlike horses, cows never fall asleep standing up and always lie down.

Few people appreciate how intriguing cows actually are. They form close relationships, harbor resentments, and are acutely aware of your presence. 

After all, these amazing facts about cows that we have included here represent just a small portion of all the amazing things about cows. To know more, follow this website.

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