20+ Difference Between Electrical And Electronics (Explained)

Although both electrical and electronics deal with electricity, these are two quite distinguishable concepts. Generally, people tend to mix up between the two.

While the term electrical deals with the flow of electrical charge or power, the term electronics deals with the flow of electrons principally. It is a subtle and truly minute factor that creates the distinction between anything electrical or electronic.

To make it a bit more distinguishable, let us understand just one other difference between the two concepts. Whenever just electricity as energy is involved, it is all about being electrical. Whenever electrical energy is being clearly manipulated, it’s all about electronics.

differences between electrical and electronics

Comparison between Electrical and Electronics

DefinitionIt is the flow and conversion of electrical energy into other forms of energy.It is the design and manipulation of the flow of electrons to switch into various functions.
PrincipleElectrical devices will always produce voltage and current.Electronic devices will always control voltage and current.
MaterialConductors are used for the flow of electricity across an electrical circuit.Semiconductors are used for the flow of electrons across an electronic circuit.
ComponentsIt consists of passive components only.It consists of active components mainly.
FunctionData manipulation is not possible.Data manipulation is at the core of the assignment.
RoleThe flow of electrons within an electrical circuit.The flow and manipulation of electrons within an electronic circuit.

Differences between Electrical and Electronics

What exactly is Electrical?

Anything electrical is actually a science that studies how exactly electrical energy can produce different electrical identities and control and manage their functions. In this respect, electrical engineering is concerned with electrical energy’s study and design aspects.

As a discipline, it develops many solutions that resolve many problems in many fields, be it space missions, telecommunications, or any other aspect.

Since it is primarily concerned with the large-scale operation and regulation of electrical power, as a subject, it has many sub-domains within it.

What exactly is Electronics?

Electronics is a field of study of how electricity can be engineered and is actually more concerned with how the flow of electrons can be manipulated and utilized to help in various aspects of our daily life.

It involves various analyses of circuits, testing of electronic devices, modeling, and even fabrication, among other things. It also deals with designing and manufacturing smaller electronic devices and circuits.

It implements various algorithms, principles, and applications and brings them together to produce highly useful and efficient devices.

list of electrical and electronics topics

Contrast Between Electrical and Electronics


  • Electrical Motors, generators, alternators, transformers, circuit breakers, fuels, etc., all fall under the purview of anything to do with electricals.
  • Electronics Microcontroller, Titus 2, transistor, diode, semiconductors, etc., all fall under the purview of anything to do with electronics.
examples of electrical and electronics


  • Electrical Almost all electrical devices and appliances require a lot of space since they are larger in size.
  • Electronics Most electrical devices require less space, especially since the parts can be transported and assembled easily.

Conversion of energy

  • Electrical Under the study of anything electrical, it is essential that electrical energy is converted into various other forms of energy such as light, heat, kinetics, and others.
  • Electronics Under the study of electronics, there is no requirement of any kind of conversion of electronics or any other energy forms into other forms at all. It is all to do with the flow of electrons only.

Decision making

  • Electrical It is practically almost invariably true that no electrical device can make a decision. They just begin functioning as soon as they are switched on, and they stop functioning when they’re switched off.
  • Electronics Most electronic devices can make their own decisions based on certain parameters. Decisions are quick and are streamlined to the exact needs and requirements of the user.


  • Electrical Electrical devices just cannot manipulate data at all.
  • Electronics Electronic devices are required to manipulate data to be assigned for further use.

Power monitoring:

  • Electrical Electrical circuits are designed to monitor and control high electrical power and charges.
  • Electronics Electronic circuits are designed to control and monitor low electrical power and involve the manipulation of the flow of electrons.


  • Electrical it is essential for a conductor to be used in an electrical environment.
  • Electronics It is essential for a semiconductor to be used in an electronic environment.
material used conducting electrical and electronic

Current used

  • Electrical The electrical environment works only on alternating current (AC).
  • Electronics The electronic environment works only on direct current (DC).

Data manipulation

  • Electrical Electrical devices do not manipulate data in any way at all.
  • Electronics Electronic devices essentially manipulate data.

The functionality of the current used

  • Electrical Since an electrical environment uses alternating current, it can be a single-phase or even three phases. The general rating of voltage is usually 220V/ 440V. The range is usually between V and kV.
  • Electronics Since an electronic environment uses direct current, the general reading of voltage is usually 5V, 12V, 24V, and so on. The range is usually between mV and V.

Component specification

  • Electrical The electrical environment consists of various passive components.
  • Electronics The electronics environment consists of various active components.
components used in electrical and electronics

Principle of voltage and current

  • Electrical Electrical devices always produce voltage and current.
  • Electronics Electronic devices always control voltage and current.

Fundamental Role

  • Electrical Fundamentally, in any electrical circuit, electrical energy is composed of the flow of electrical charges.
  • Electronics Fundamentally, in any electronic circle, the energy is composed of the flow of electrons and holes, both of which need to be manipulated.


  • Electrical The electrical environment mainly deals with the conversion, storage, distribution, and even the generation of electrical power and energy and the monitoring and regulation of electrical charges.
  • Electronics The electronic environment mainly deals with the switching of electrical energy, amplifying it, and designing it comes on with the help of various electronic equipment only that actually helps to monitor, manipulate, and regulate the flow of electrons for further use.


  • Electrical Electrical appliances and devices are not totally safe.
  • Electronics Electronic devices are absolutely safe.

Response time:

  • Electrical Electrical devices perform faster as there’s no decision-making process involved.
  • Electronics Electronic devices perform slower as there are a number of decision-making processes involved.


  • Electrical Electrical devices are used to do Simple and specific mechanical work only.
  • Electronics Electronic devices are used to amplify any weak signal and also for coding and decoding information and data.

Power consumption:

  • Electrical Electrical devices consume more power and energy.
  • Electronics Electronic devices consume less power and energy.

Career path for engineers:

  • Electrical- Electrical engineers are more involved in areas related to electricity and magnetism.
  • Electronics- Electronics engineers R more involved in areas related to the manipulation of the flow of electrons
fields in which engineers can expect to work

Roles of engineers:

  • Electrical Electrical engineers can work in various capacities of broadcasting, systems, information, control, networking, and more.
  • Electronics Electronic engineers and work in various capacities of device development, communications, device designing, network planning, desktop support, service, and more

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. What are some of the fields in which an electrical engineer can be deployed?

An electrical engineer can work in various fields such as consumer goods, pharmaceuticals, aerospace, construction, electronics, power generation, and more.

Q2. What are some of the fields in which an electronic engineer can be deployed?

An electronic engineer can work in fields such as technology companies, electronic design companies, manufacturing companies, engineering businesses, add more.

Q3. What are some of the roles that an electrical engineer can work in?

Electrical engineers can be employed in roles such as systems analyst, systems developer, instrumentation engineer, control engineer, broadcast engineer, manufacturing systems engineer, network engineer, and a lot more.

Q4. What are some of the rules that an electronics engineer can work on?

Electronics engineers can be employed in roles such as desktop support engineer, technical director, service engineer, network planning engineer, communications engineer, electronics device engineer, electronics design and development engineer, and a lot more.

Q5. What kind of annual salary do electrical engineers and electronics engineers earn annually?

The average annual salary of both electrical engineers and electronics engineers can be in the range of $74,000 and $90,000.

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