21 Honduras Facts: Discovering the Pearl of the Orient

Honduras is famous for its diverse landscape, Mayan ruins, and friendly people. It is Central America’s second-largest country and has a tropical climate with humid, hot summers and mild winters.

The capital of this country is Tegucigalpa, and the official language is Spanish. Though it is one of the poorest in Central America, it is still one of the continent’s most beautiful regions.

The only country bordered by coastlines, this country has a rich culture and interesting history that can impress anyone. 

So, in this article, we will discuss some interesting facts about Honduras.

Interesting Honduras facts

Christopher Columbus discovered Honduras

Honduras Facts

Christopher Columbus is credited with discovering this country in Central America, in 1502, during his fourth voyage to the New World.

Columbus and his crew landed on the Caribbean coast of this country and saw the indigenous people who lived there.

Also, he explored this region and then returned to Spain with tales of the beauty and wealth of the region.

This discovery of Columbus played a vital role in the history of Honduras and opened the door for the Spanish colonization of the region.

Honduras has dual capital.

Honduras has a unique system in which its capital city is actually divided into two parts. Comayaguela and Tegucigalpa.

Both cities are situated in the central part of Honduras and are separated by a valley. Tegucigalpa is the larger of the two cities and is mainly the administrative capital, while Comayaguela is the constitutional capital.

These two cities of Honduras are called “twin cities” and are connected by several bridges. This system of having dual capital is a legacy of Honduras’ history, and these two cities have grown together, eventually forming a single metropolitan area.

Story of Independence

Honduras Facts

This country gained independence from Spain on September 15, 1821, as part of the Central American Federation.

Spain originally colonized Honduras in the 16th century and remained a Spanish colony until the early 19th century.

However, after independence, this country became sovereign and established its laws and government.

History of Literature and Art

This country has a rich tradition of literature and art and is also home to many talented artists and writers. Honduras has a diverse cultural heritage whose reflection can be seen in its literature and art.

Honduras has a powerful oral tradition; hence, many legends, stories, and folktales have been passed down.

This country even has a vibrant contemporary art scene, and many artists of this country are famous for their unique techniques and styles.

One of the most famous newspapers in Honduras: La Tribuna

Newspapers of Honduras

In 1976, lawyer and writer Oscar Armando Flores Midence founded the newspaper of Honduras, La Tribuna. From establishing this newspaper, Midence led the publication as its president.

Eventually, Midence officially confirmed his position in 2009. Later, Midence chose his son Carlos Roberto Flores as his successor as the president of La Tribuna.

Ancient Maya civilization

Honduras is home to many ancient ruins of the Maya civilization, which are a vital part of the cultural heritage of this country.

The Maya civilization was an advanced civilization that flourished in Central America and some parts of Mexico from almost 2000 BC to 1500 AD.

During this civilization, people built many attractive structures and cities, including palaces, pyramids, and temples.

Many of those ruins can still be seen in this country, including the well-known Mayan city of Copan, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The Flag of Honduras

The Flag Of Honduras

The flag of the Republic of Honduras uses the colors white and blue on its flag. The five stars on their flags represent the five countries in Central America.

Another significant fact about the flag of Honduras is that its central star represents Honduras, as it is the only country in Central America that shares borders with the other four countries.

This country, Honduras, even has a motto of its own. The motto is in Spanish and states, “Libre, Soberana e Independiente,” meaning “Free, Sovereign, and3 independent.”

Utila: The smallest bay island in Honduras

The entire eastern side of this island is capped off with a thin veneer of basaltic volcanic rocks. This unique kind of land formation was developed by surrounding pyroclastic cones, like the 243 ft Pumpkin Hill. 

This unique island of Utila now has a rapidly growing scale of tourism that can emphasize diving as its primary attraction. This beautiful island of Honduras is also famous for being one of the best diving locations in the world.

The National Currency of Honduras

The National Currency Of Honduras

The national currency of this nation is the Honduran Lempira, also famous as HNL. The Lempira is divided into 100 centavos and is named after the indigenous leader of the 16th century, Lempira.

An important fact about this currency is that it is used throughout the country. Also, it is the only legal tender in the country.

The Central Bank of Honduras uses this currency, and it is available in different denominations, including banknotes and coins.

The official name of Honduras

The official name of this country is the Republic of Honduras. It is a sovereign nation situated in Central America. It even has a democratic government with a unicameral congress and a president.

This country, Honduras, is divided into 18 departments, which are further divided into municipalities. Also, its capital Tegucigalpa is situated in this country’s central region.

Bay Islands

Bay Islands

Honduras’ Bay Islands is a well-known tourist destination popular for its clear blue waters, beautiful beaches, and diverse marine life.

These islands are located off the Caribbean coast of Honduras and include eight main islands, such as Utila, Roatan, Barbareta, Guanaja, Helene, Morat, and Morat’s Cays.

The Mosquito Coast

The Mosquito Coast of Honduras, also known as the Mosquito region, is situated in the eastern part of Honduras. It is also home to many small towns and villages.

It is an isolated and remote area famous for its rich biodiversity and rugged beauty. Also, this Mosquito coast is even home to many indigenous communities who have been the inhabitants of this region for generations.

The largest rainforest in Central America

The Largest Rainforest In Central America

Honduras is home to the largest rainforest in Central America, which occupies an area of almost 4.4 million acres.

The rainforest is famous for its high levels of biodiversity and for being home to many endangered species, including the puma, jaguar, and tapir.

The Caribbean Coastline

Honduras’s long Caribbean coastline stretches over 700 miles along this country’s eastern part. This country is home to many alluring coral reefs and beaches, which are major attractions for locals and tourists.

Honduras’ Caribbean coast is popular for its white sand beaches, diverse marine life, and crystal-clear waters, eventually making it a perfect destination for snorkeling, scuba diving, and various other water sports.

The Scarlet Macaw: The National Bird of Honduras

National Bird Of Honduras

The national bird of Honduras is the scarlet macaw. It is a colorful, large bird native to South and Central America and is popular for its bright yellow, red, and blue plumage.

Also, this beautiful bird is a popular symbol of this country, appearing on the national flag and the coat of arms of this country.

This bird is known for its ability to mimic human speech and intelligence, regarded as a symbol of freedom and wisdom.

However, these birds are endangered and protected by law in Honduras.

Honduras means “Depths.”

The name of this country, “Honduras,” means “depths” in Spanish. It is thought to refer to the deep waters off Honduras’ Caribbean coast.

This name was given to this region by the Spanish conquistadors as they first explored the area.

The Garifuna people

The Garifuna People

The Garifuna people are a vital cultural group in Honduras and also many other countries in Central America.

They have a unique blend of indigenous and African ancestry and are famous for their vibrant way of life and rich cultural traditions.

The Garifuna people have a rich history, and there is a vital part of Honduras’ cultural heritage.

The UNESCO World Heritage Site in Honduras

The Mayan city of Copan is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Honduras. It is home to many ancient artifacts and ruins.

Copan, located in western Honduras, near Guatemala’s border, is considered one of Central America’s most significant Mayan cities. 

The city was founded about 400 AD and flourished for over 1000 years before it was abandoned in the 19th century.

Copan is also famous for its impressive temples, pyramid structures, and palaces, which were built with the help of advanced architectural and engineering techniques.

The second-largest coral reef

 Coral Reef

The beautiful waters on Honduras’ Caribbean coast are home to the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef, the second-largest coral reef system on the planet, after Australia’s Great Barrier Reef.

The Mesoamerican Barrier Reef extends for over 1000 miles along Central America’s Caribbean coast, from the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico to Honduras’ Bay Islands.

This reef is home to a diverse range of marine life, including coral, fish, and invertebrates, as well as a vital habitat for many endangered species.

Famous foods of Honduras

Tortillas are a very famous and staple food in Honduras. It is made from wheat flour or corn. They are often served with cheese, beans, and other toppings or can be used as a base for famous dishes like burritos and tacos.

Pupusas are a specific kind of stuffed corn tortillas that are filled with multiple ingredients, such as beans, cheese, and pork. Pupusas are often served with tomato sauce and pickled cabbage.

A traditional soup of Honduras is Sopa de Caracol, made with sea snails or conch, often served with spices and vegetables.

Punta: A popular music genre in Honduras

A popular music genre in Honduras is Punta, and tourists and locals widely enjoy it. This specific type of dance music originated in Central America’s Caribbean coast and is characterized by energetic rhythms and fast tempo.

This unique music is typically played with various instruments, like percussion, drums, and brass. Punta is popular for its danceable beats and catchy melodies and is often played at parties, festivals, and other events in Honduras.

So, Honduras is a diverse and beautiful country in Central America and is home to various landscapes, including forests, mountains, beaches, etc.

At the end of this article, we learned 21 really interesting facts about Honduras. These facts offer us a clear picture of this famous part of Central America.

To get some additional amazing facts, you can see our website.

Honduras Facts
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