23 Amazing New Guinea facts: From Lush Rainforests to Exotic Wildlife

You may visit some nations and believe you have traveled back in time. This is due to the country’s pervasive tribalism and many individuals being shut off from the modern world.

Examining some interesting Papua New Guinean facts will help you learn more.

Yet it is one of the most stunning nations regarding the unspoiled environment. Here are some intriguing Papua New Guinea facts you should know if you’re considering traveling to this Land of the Unexpected.

What is the history of Papua New Guinea?

Papua New Guinea is still young because it only attained independence in the 20th century. Even yet, a lot has transpired that will help you comprehend why the nation is the way it is. Below are some historical details about Papua New Guinea.

The Capital Moved to Port Moresby Port Moresby has served as the nation’s capital since the 19th century. There are already around 410,000 residents, and the population is only growing.

The port’s position is crucial since the nation’s capital used to be one of the country’s primary commerce centers, even during World War II.

Until 1975, the country was occupied by Germany, Australia, and the United Kingdom

Australia, Germany, and Britain were the dominant colonial powers in the nation before its recent independence. For a brief period, even Japan entered the scene, particularly during WWII.

Papua New Guinea did not remain independent for very long, though, and did so in the 20th century.

The Nation Belongs To Sahul

Papua New Guinea was formerly a part of the ancient continent known as Sahul. Sea levels began to rise, though, and at that time, the continent cut off Papua New Guinea from Australia and other locations.

The natives of Papua New Guinea today are descendants of the settlers from this era.

Indigenous People First Came Here 50,000 Years Ago

Many historians’ studies indicate that Papua New Guinea was initially inhabited by people at least fifty thousand years ago.

As a result, the nation is incredibly old, and its citizens are still deeply rooted in their traditional cultures.

When you visit the nation and interact with the people, you will have the opportunity to experience some of these customs.

There are more than a thousand distinct cultural groups in the nation

The nation is extremely varied since it is a synthesis of several civilizations. More than a thousand different cultural organizations may be found here.

Dance, architecture, music, clothes, and many other aspects of each culture are distinctive. As you interact with other cultural groups, you will realize that these are highly distinct.

The majority of people reside in rural areas

Rural residents still make up a large share of the nation’s population. In the area’s extensive rainforests, people dwell there.

As a result, they lack access to modern healthcare, education, and other amenities.

In many communities, rituals, and initiations are common

Due to the country’s tribal culture, you’ll see that several age-old rites and initiations are still practiced in Papua New Guinea.

For instance, it’s said that the Korowai tribe was among the last to engage in cannibalism and consume the flesh of their kin. Moreover, they kill and eat “khakhra” (male witches).

Mumu Must Be Tried While in Papua New Guinea

Don’t worry about going hungry, though, as Cannablism does not reflect the local culinary scene.

On the other hand, if you visit the nation, you must sample Mumu since it presents you with the flavor of the regional food. Rice, sweet potato, veggies, and pork are all ingredients in this meal.

The natives adore eating this meal since it is a mainstay in their diet, and it is really delicious.

Since 1990, there has been a Golden Mantled Tree Kangaroo in this area.

The golden-mantled tree kangaroo has been a resident of Papua New Guinea for more than three decades after being discovered by locals in the Torricelli Mountains.

Due to the loss of the jungles and forests, there is only a small remaining population of kangaroos in this area. To ensure their survival, those still alive are thoroughly taken care of.

The Paradise Birds Are Holy Birds

The birds of paradise of Papua New Guinea are revered there, especially by the indigenous populace.

Although being a holy bird, it continues to face threats throughout the nation due to poaching, trading, and several other problems of a similar nature.

As this bird is regarded as Papua New Guinea’s national bird, the government is trying to safeguard it.

The Biodiversity Is Amazing Here

In Papua New Guinea, there is both terrestrial and aquatic biodiversity. It’s one of the greatest places in the world to go scuba diving and learn about marine life as a result.

The nation is home to close to 700 different types of fish, 800 different kinds of coral, and 20,000 different kinds of plants.

Gold and copper are the nation’s primary natural resources

Every nation boasts renowned natural resources. As the nation’s primary resources, copper and gold are abundant in Papua New Guinea.

There are several gold-producing districts in the area, and they export these goods as well to raise their GDP.

Tropical weather prevails

The nation has a tropical climate; therefore, daytime highs and lows range from 30 to 32 degrees Celsius throughout the year.

Even at higher altitudes, the temperature can stay over 22°C. Rainfall is frequent, and you can even encounter a downpour while traveling.

The Mt. Hagen Culture Performance Must Be Seen

Many tourists schedule their trips to Papua New Guinea around the Mt. Hagen cultural display.

This is due to the event’s inclusion of over 70 tribes, which creates a big fiesta while presenting their traditions, dances, customs, and much more.

Be sure to watch this show on your vacation if you want to feel the enthusiasm and learn about the culture of the locals. It happens in August!

Several Dangerous Birds May Be Found Here

Moreover, the nation is home to some toxic bird species that are unique to it, including Pitohui and Ifrita.

Because these birds are excellent at eliminating parasites and are essential to maintaining the ecology, many people protect them. To care for them, some hunters do, nonetheless, capture these birds.

A Common Language in Papua New Guinea Is Pidgin

There are several other Pidgin dialects used across the world, but Tok Pisin is the name of the dialect spoken in Papua New Guinea. It is the national language with the most usage.

The nation’s official language is Tok Pisin, which is not too difficult to learn due to its resemblance to English. If you want to visit the nation, consider learning a little Pidgin.

An island shared by Indonesia and Papua New Guinea

The fact that Papua New Guinea shares the second-largest island in the world with Indonesia makes New Guinea a well-known island.

The island has been divided since the colonial era; there is ongoing hostility between the two nations, and travel to the border regions can be challenging.

That Just So Happens To Be On The Fire Ring

As its name implies, the Ring of Fire has a number of active volcanoes, and Papua New Guinea is located there. This has led to several eruptions over its history.

The years 2014, 2018, and 2019 saw some of the most recent eruptions in the nation.

Crime is prevalent in this area

The nation has one of the worst crime rates in the world, and violence against women is widespread, particularly among the tribes.

Because of this, you should use caution when you move around the region. Those tribes that are not accustomed to encountering strangers could also act more guarded and aggressively toward outsiders.

This is the third-largest rainforest in the world

Despite this, there is a reason why travelers continue to be lured to the nation. You’ll appreciate Papua New Guinea’s natural splendor because it is home to the third-largest rainforest in the world.

There are several trees, plants, and animals around. The Amazon and Congo’s two most well-known rainforests are followed by this one.

Women Have A Vital Role In Social Transformation

There is much to be admired about Papua New Guinean women; they are resourceful, tenacious, and highly diligent.

With so much inequity in the nation, women are leading the charge for social reform. In Papua New Guinea, several groups work to better the lives of women.

Australia Provides Significant Assistance to It

Australia has been providing assistance to Papua New Guinea to help it develop. It promotes equality, human rights, progress, and other factors.

Mining and logging are endangering biodiversity

The nation’s biodiversity is in danger due to activities like logging and mining. The land is being sought after by developers for urban development. The tribal people who depend on agriculture have suffered as a result.

There are many intriguing facts about Papua New Guinea just waiting to be discovered due to the country’s astounding cultural variety. As you explore more of it, you’ll want to keep doing so! To know more about such facts, keep following this website.

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