This Day In History : January 10

1968 United States

US Surveyor 7 Successfully Lands Near Lunar Crater Tycho

In 1968, the United States' Surveyor 7 spacecraft achieves a successful landing near lunar crater Tycho, gathering crucial data and images from the Moon's surface. This mission is a key milestone in NASA's lunar exploration efforts, enhancing understanding of lunar geology and preparing for future manned missions.

Also on This Day in History January 10

Discover what happened on January 10 with HISTORY's summaries of major events, anniversaries,
famous births and notable deaths.

Births on This Day, January 10
  • 1911 Norman Heatley

    English biochemist who solved problems in the extraction of penicillin from its mould, and paved the way for mass production.

  • 1747 Abraham-Louis Bréguet

    Swiss-French horologist and inventor who became the leading French watchmaker of his time because of his artistic as well as technical skill.

  • 1877 Frederick Gardner Cottrell

    American educator and scientist who invented the industrial electrostatic precipitator (1907), which eliminates suspended particles from streams of gases.

  • 1936 Robert Woodrow Wilson

    Robert Woodrow Wilson is an American astronomer who, along with Arno Allan Penzias, discovered cosmic microwave background radiation in 1964.

  • 1829 Henri-Émile Bazin

    French hydraulic engineer who assisted the research of H.-P.-G. Darcy (1803-58) and reported in Recherches hydrauliques (1865) their results of open channel flow experiments, which he continued and completed after Darcy's death.

Deaths on This Day, January 10
  • 1970 Pavel Belyayev

    Russian cosmonaut who was pilot of the historic Voskhod 2 space mission, launched on 18 Mar 1965.

  • 1862 Samuel Colt

    Samuel Colt, born Hartford, Conn., was an American firearms manufacturer who popularized the Colt 45 revolver and other firearms.

  • 1864 Nicholas Joseph Callan

    Irish physicist who pioneered in electrical science. He invented the induction coil (1836) before that of better-known Heinrich Ruhmkorff.

  • 1989 Valentin Petrovich Glushko

    Soviet rocket scientist who was a pioneer developer of rocket engines (1946-74). From 1929, he worked in Leningrad in GDL - the Gas Dynamics Laboratory, the military rocket research organization, founded in 1921.

  • 1937 Julius Stieglitz

    U.S. chemist who interpreted the behaviour and structure of organic compounds in the light of valence theory and applied the methods of physical chemistry to organic chemistry.


Moon radar

In 1946, the U.S. Army Project Diana team detected radar signals reflected off the moon's surface.

Texas oil

In 1901, the first major discovery of oil in Texas was made at Spindletop, near Beaumont. Since 1892, there had been exploration in this upper Gulf Coast area of the state.

Treaty of Versailles Comes into Effect, Redrawing Post-War Boundaries

On January 10, 1920, the Treaty of Versailles officially comes into effect, marking the end of World War I and redefining Europe's geopolitical landscape. The treaty imposes harsh penalties on Germany, including territorial losses, military restrictions, and reparations, setting the stage for future global diplomacy and economic dynamics.

League of Nations Established to Promote Global Peace

On January 10, 1920, the League of Nations is founded in Geneva, Switzerland, following the conclusion of World War I. The international organization aims to maintain world peace, promote diplomacy, and prevent future conflicts through collective security and cooperation among member states.
Special day
Discover invention