This Day In History : November 1

1956 India

Formation of Kerala and Madhya Pradesh States in India

On November 1, 1956, the Indian states of Kerala and Madhya Pradesh were officially formed following the reorganization of states based on linguistic lines. Kerala was created by merging the Malayalam-speaking regions of Travancore-Cochin and Malabar. Madhya Pradesh was formed by merging the former states of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh, and Bhopal, along with portions of Bombay, Central Provinces, and Berar.

Also on This Day in History November 1

Discover what happened on November 1 with HISTORY's summaries of major events, anniversaries,
famous births and notable deaths.

Births on This Day, November 1
  • 1919 Hermann Bondi

    Austrian-British mathematician and cosmologist who, working with Fred Hoyle and Thomas Gold, conceived the steady-state theory of the universe (1948).

  • 1828 Balfour Stewart

    Scottish meteorologist and geophysicist who studied terrestrial magnetism and radiant heat.

  • 1863 George Parker

    George Safford Parker was an American inventor who perfected the fountain pen and founded the Parker Pen Company to manufacture it.

  • 1885 Anton Flettner

    German inventor who produced a practical helicopter for the German navy (1940).

  • 1880 Alfred L. Wegener

    He was a German meteorologist and geophysicist who first gave a well-developed hypothesis of continental drift.

Deaths on This Day, November 1
  • 1997 Victor Mills

    American chemical engineer who invented Pampers disposable diapers.

  • 2008 Jacques Piccard

    Jacques Piccard was a Swiss oceanographer and engineer, known for having developed underwater submarines for studying ocean currents.

  • 1993 Severo Ochoa

    He was a Spanish physician and biochemist, and winner of the 1959 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine together with Arthur Kornberg for their discovery of "the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid".

  • 1903 Theodor Mommsen

    Christian Matthias Theodor Mommsen was a German classical scholar, historian, jurist, journalist, politician and archaeologist.

  • 1943 Alexander George McAdie

    American meteorologist who was a pioneer in employing kites in the exploration of high altitude air conditions.


Women’s medical school

In 1848, the Boston Female Medical School, first medical school in the world exclusively for women opened its doors to 12 students.

Steel railroad bridge

In 1879, the world's first all-steel railroad bridge was placed in service over the Missouri River at Glasgow, Missouri, built for the Chicago & Alton railroad by Gen.

First Large Hydrogen Bomb Tested by the U.S.

On November 1, 1952, the United States conducted its first test of a large hydrogen bomb, code-named "Ivy Mike," at the Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific Ocean. This test demonstrated a major advancement in nuclear weapons technology, revealing the immense destructive power of thermonuclear fusion.

First Rabbit Conceived by Artificial Insemination Displayed in the U.S.

In 1939, the United States saw the public display of the first rabbit conceived through artificial insemination, highlighting pioneering advancements in reproductive science and animal breeding techniques.
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