This Day In History : November 3

1838 India

The Times of India Founded

On November 3, 1838, The Times of India, one of the oldest English-language daily newspapers in India, was founded. It has since played a pivotal role in shaping public opinion, reporting on major events, and influencing Indian society and politics through its extensive coverage and editorial content.

Also on This Day in History November 3

Discover what happened on November 3 with HISTORY's summaries of major events, anniversaries,
famous births and notable deaths.

Births on This Day, November 3
  • 1749 Daniel Rutherford

    Scottish chemist and photographer who discovered the portion of air that does not support combustion, now known to be nitrogen.

  • 1854 Jokichi Takamine

    Japanese-American biochemist and industrialist who isolated the hormone produced in the adrenal gland that causes the body to respond to emergencies.

  • 1872 Wilfred Trotter

    Wilfred Batten Lewis Trotter was an English surgeon, who was an authority on cancers of the neck and head and recognized as a pioneer in neurosurgery.

  • 1897 Frederick S. Russell

    He was an English marine biologist who linked the depth distribution of planktonic organisms to the intensity of light in the seas off the British Isles.

  • 1870 John Motley Morehead III

    American chemist who was involved with commercial production of calcium carbide.

Deaths on This Day, November 3
  • 1986 E. Cuyler Hammond

    Edward Cuyler Hammond was an American epidemiologist who was the first to link smoking with lung cancer.

  • 1957 Wilhelm Reich

    Austrian psychologist who developed a system of psychoanalysis concentrating on overall character structure, rather than on individual neurotic symptoms.

  • 1923 Carl Dietrich Harries

    German chemist and industrialist who was one of the leading scientists in the elastomer field at the turn of the 20th century.

  • 1939 Waldemar Lindgren

    Swedish-born American economic geologist who was a leader in the science of ore deposition and the use of the petrographic microscope.

  • 1994 Ralph Wyckoff

    Ralph (Walter Graystone) Wyckoff was an American scientist, a pioneer in the application of X-ray methods to determine crystal structures and one of the first to use these methods for studying biological substances.



In 1906, “SOS” was specified as the international distress signal, in a document signed by representatives of 27 nations at the second International Wireless Telegraph Convention in Berlin.

Frozen food

In 1952, Clarence Birdseye marketed the first frozen peas in Chester, N.Y. While a U.S. field naturalist near the Arctic, he had learned the technique of flash freezing from Labrador Inuit.

Sputnik 2

In 1957, Sputnik 2 was launched, with the first live animal sent into space - a Siberian husky dog, Laika (“barker” in Russian). By design, the craft was not planned for recovery, and Laika died in orbit.

Dominica gains independence

On November 3, 1978, Dominica gained independence from the United Kingdom. This Caribbean island nation celebrated its sovereignty, marking a significant milestone in its history and paving the way for self-governance and national development.
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