This Day In History : October 3

1932 Iraq

Iraq Gains Independence from the United Kingdom and Joins the League of Nations

On October 3, 1932, Iraq gained independence from the United Kingdom and subsequently joined the League of Nations. This event marked the end of British mandate rule and the beginning of Iraq's sovereignty as an independent nation.

Also on This Day in History October 3

Discover what happened on October 3 with HISTORY's summaries of major events, anniversaries,
famous births and notable deaths.

Births on This Day, October 3
  • 1844 Patrick Manson

    Scottish physician and parasitologist who has been called the “father of tropical medicine.”

  • 1944 Pierre René Deligne

    Belgian mathematician who was awarded the Fields Medal at the International Congress of Mathematicians in Helsinki, Finland, in 1978 for his work in algebraic geometry.

  • 1803 John Gorrie

    American physician who pioneered the artificial manufacture of ice, refrigeration, and air conditioning.

  • 1916 Frank Pantridge

    Irish cardiologist who developed the life-saving portable defibrillator.

  • 1830 George Brayton

    He was an American engineer who invented the first commercial gas internal combustion engine (patented 2 Apr 1872), which he manufactured and sold in the Providence, Rhode Island, area.

Deaths on This Day, October 3
  • 1867 Elias Howe

    American inventor who invented a commercially successful sewing machine.

  • 1953 Florence Rena Sabin

    American anatomist who was one of the first women physicians to pursue a research career.

  • 1910 Lucy Hobbs Taylor

    Lucy Beaman Taylor (née Hobbs) was an American dentist who was the first woman dentist in America to graduate (1866) from a dental college as a Doctor of Dental Surgery.

  • 2018 Leon M. Lederman

    Leon Max Lederman was an American experimental physicist who received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1988, along with Melvin Schwartz and Jack Steinberger, for research on neutrinos.

  • 1704 Jean Baptiste Denis

    Jean-Baptiste Denys was a French physician notable for having performed the first fully documented human blood transfusion, a xenotransfusion.


Record speed

In 1967, the X-15 rocket plane achieved a world record speed of Mach 6.7, which is 4,520 mph or over a mile per second, with U.S. Air Force pilot Pete Knight.

Motor vacuum cleaner

In 1899, the motor-driven vacuum cleaner was patented (U.S. No. 634,042) as a "pneumatic carpet renovator" by John S. Thurman of St. Louis, Mo. Thurman developed a gasoline powered vacuum cleaner and the General Compressed Air Company.

U.S. Pharmacopoeia

In 1805, the first U.S. pharmacopoeia prepared by a medical society in the U.S. was authorized by the members of the Massachusetts Medical Society of Boston, Mass.

Emergency Economic Stabilization Act

The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act was signed into law in the United States, authorizing a $700 billion bailout for the financial sector during the global financial crisis.
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