Essay on Pollution in English (1100 Words)

These days, being conscious of pollution is almost a must for all students. Every youngster should understand how human actions affect the environment and nature to become a responsible global citizen for future generations.

This is a really important subject. In addition, schoolchildren should learn how to write an engaging essay on the topic of ‘Pollution’ with ease. Take a look at the list below.


In today’s society, pollution has become a very frequent but important problem. It has been in numerous forms for a long time, even before the emergence of humans, such as volcanic eruptions and wildfires, which cause diverse photochemical reactions in the atmosphere. The present issue is that it is increasing day by day as a result of many polluting sources.

Humans and man-made machines are among the major polluters. It is correct to state that pollution is wreaking havoc on Mother Earth and that we, as humans, must do our share to prevent this.

What is the definition of pollution?

Pollution sepsis is defined as the presence of toxins in the natural environment that cause injury and damage, resulting in negative effects.

Different Types of Pollution

There are three primary types of pollution:

Air pollution, water pollution, and soil pollution are all examples of pollution.

Pollution in the Air

The presence of hazardous gases and chemicals in the air causes air pollution. Vehicle emissions, dust and grime, harmful fumes from companies, and other factors are to blame. To prevent air pollution, we should carpool or use public transit rather than driving our own cars, which emit hazardous gases that exacerbate the situation. We should also actively avoid burning rubbish or other things.

Pollution of the water supply

Toxic compounds combine in diverse water bodies such as lakes, seas, rivers, and so on, resulting in water pollution. Chemical fertilizers, industrial waste, sewage and wastewater, mining operations, and marine dumping are all examples of harmful compounds.

Pollution of the Soil

Soil pollution is the contamination of soil caused by the presence of harmful compounds as a result of excessive fertilizer and pesticide usage, deforestation, industrial waste, and other factors. To keep the land fertile, the government has to reduce fertilizer use and plant more trees.

Apart from the aforementioned pollutants, there are a few more that cause pollution, such as radioactive contamination. One of the more uncommon kinds of pollution is this. It happens when radioactive chemicals, like nuclear waste, are present in the air, solids, liquids, or any other environment.

Pollution’s Effects on Human Health

Pollution is having an increasingly negative impact on human health. People are being afflicted with a variety of severe illnesses as a result of pollution in the air, water, and soil. The following are the many ailments that people suffer from as a result of various forms of pollution.

As a result of air pollution

Human existence requires the presence of air. Humans cannot exist without the ability to breathe. However, air pollution has a significant negative impact on human health. The following are some of the most common ailments induced by air pollution.

  • Lung cancer is a kind of cancer that affects the
  • Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a serious cardiac condition.
  • Asthma
  • issues with the lungs
  • As a result of water pollution

Another source of life is water. Water is essential for all living things to live. However, the ongoing pollution and deterioration of key water sources are generating lethal illnesses in people and animals. It has an impact on marine life as well. Water contamination is generating a lot of severe illnesses since it is drunk all the time.

The following are some of the most common illnesses induced by water pollution:

  • Cholera
  • Hepatitis A is a virus that causes liver disease.
  • Typhoid
  • Polio
  • Dysentery
  • Diarrhea

As a result of Soil Pollution

The importance of soil in our life cannot be overstated. Soil is the foundation of the earth on which we walk or travel. Due to all of the chemicals combined with the soil and the resulting deterioration, it is unavoidable that many dangerous substances come into touch with our bodies and cause a variety of skin disorders, or in the form of food crops grown on such contaminated soil.

For us humans, direct touch may trigger a slew of issues. The following are some of the most common illnesses induced by soil pollution:

  • Cancer comes in many forms.
  • Leukemia
  • Contact with lead in the soil causes damage to the neurological system.
  • Failure of the liver and kidneys
  • Cancer comes in many forms.
  • Leukemia
  • Contact with lead in the soil causes damage to the neurological system.
  • Failure of the liver and kidneys

What are the Different Pollution Reduction Methods?

The deterioration of all key components such as air, water, and soil is having an impact on the lives of many children, adults, and animals. We must protect our environment and use effective pollution-reduction strategies.

Air Pollution Reduction Techniques

The following are some of the most efficient ways to minimize air pollution:

Regulation of air via chimneys: Before releasing the air from the chimneys, enterprises should dissolve the dangerous gas. They should keep an eye on and avoid utilizing dangerous gases, which are one of the leading sources of air pollution.

Taking public transportation or cycling: If you’re going somewhere far away, it’s best to utilize public transportation. If you’re heading to the store or purchasing anything, it’s always preferable to ride your bike. Public transportation may carry you to many locations while also reducing air pollution. Cycling reduces air pollution and has the extra advantage of keeping your health in control.

Reduced fires and smokes: During the dry season, many individuals burn plastic, papers, and dry leaves, resulting in a large fire and smoke plume that causes a damaging layer of fog to form in the sky. To lessen smoke, it is preferable to quit burning plastic.


In a nutshell, all forms of pollution have a significant detrimental influence on our environment, our life, and animals, among other things. As responsible citizens, we must work for a brighter future. We must work together to adopt different efforts and combat this issue.

Every day, pollution puts the lives of many innocent people in jeopardy. If we don’t act immediately to make the world pollution-free, the apocalypse will be here before we know it.


How we can reduce pollution?

Decrease the number of vehicle trips you make. Reduce or eliminate the usage of a fireplace or a wood stove. It is not a good idea to burn leaves, trash, or other items. Gas-powered lawn and garden equipment should be avoided.

Why should we stop pollution?

Pollution prevention benefits the environment by preserving and safeguarding natural resources while also boosting economic development by allowing industries to produce more efficiently and reducing the amount of garbage that has to be handled by families, companies, and communities.

How pollution is affecting our Earth?

Air pollution has a range of effects on crops and plants. Ground-level ozone may diminish agricultural crop and commercial forest yields, stunt tree seedling development, and survival, and make plants more susceptible to disease, pests, and other environmental challenges.

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