Forests are much more than just a grove of trees. They are intricate living worlds with linked layers of life that span vast, diverse areas.
They’re also nature’s great providers, pulling carbon from the atmosphere and sequestering it through photosynthesis, filtering and absorbing air pollutants, releasing clean oxygen for us to breathe, providing habitat and food for wildlife, stabilizing soils, growing food and medicine, protecting us from harmful UV rays, acting as natural air conditioners, securing our freshwater supplies, and many more!
So, we all have a profound, natural affinity for trees. Here are some facts about trees that you need to know-
Facts About Trees:
About 60% of anticancer drugs are derived from natural sources:
That’s right: rainforest plants are employed in some of the planet’s most vital, life-saving medicines. Discoveries are made yearly, but many depend on access to healthy woods.
Tropical forest plants provide 1/4 of all modern medicines, including 2/3 of all cancer-fighting drugs:
These medicinal plants are worth a whopping US8 billion each year in addition to saving people’s lives. Thus, if you’re wondering, “Why are rainforests important?” Here’s one reason – and it’s only the tip of the iceberg!
Tree resources redistribute up to 95% of the water they absorb:
Trees absorb rainfall into their roots and leaves when it rains, minimizing erosion and flooding. Afterward, through transpiration, their leaves release them back into the air, generating a significant cooling impact that affects local microclimates.
One tree is the same as two central air conditioners:
Trees assist in regulating the air temperature, which reduces the demand for carbon emissions from heating and cooling. Air conditioning costs can be reduced by 30%, and heating costs can be reduced by 50% when trees are strategically planted.
Forests contain 31% of the world’s land area:
The entire forest area is 4.06 billion hectares, with almost half of the forest area remaining largely intact. Around one-third of that is primary forest, or forests with no signs of human activity and natural processes that have not been altered considerably.
Tropical rainforests contain less than 3% of the earth’s area, yet they house more than half of our planet’s terrestrial animal species:
It is estimated that one hectare (2.47 acres) can support around 750 different types of trees and 1500 different species of higher plants.
In 2019, we lost a primary rainforest football pitch every 6 seconds:
3.8 million hectares of total loss occurred within the wet tropical primary forest, areas of mature rainforest that are highly significant for biodiversity and carbon storage.
It takes 460 trees to absorb a single car’s annual co2 emissions:
Throughout the first 20 years of their lives, trees can absorb an average of 22 pounds of CO2. A typical passenger vehicle emits around 4.6 metric tons of CO2 annually; therefore, vehicle owners must plant 460 trees to counteract the average transportation impact.
Per year, 7 to 8 mature trees are required to provide oxygen for one person:
Trees produce oxygen by using solar energy to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose. When they break down some of the glucose, they use some of the resulting oxygen to power their metabolisms. Nonetheless, on average, they make more oxygen than they use.
Adding a single tree to an open pasture can raise bird biodiversity from nearly zero to as many as 80 species:
Biodiversity will increase gradually as others join one tree to form a stand. When the stand reaches 100% forest cover, endangered and threatened species, such as large predators and deep forest birds, begin to appear, increasing species richness.
The fact of how many trees cover the earth has gained:
Even though the earth lost more than 1.33 million square kilometers between 1982 and 2016, we gained around 3.5 million square kilometers of tree cover elsewhere (mostly in the northern hemisphere).
These new trees, many of which are being grown in tree plantations, are not a perfect substitute for diverse and rich primary forests.
The global forest area is 4.06 billion hectares or around 5,000m2 (or 50 x 100m) per person:
Yet, forests are not distributed evenly over the world. More than half of the world’s forests are found in only five nations (the Russian Federation, Brazil, Canada, the United States of America, and China), and two-thirds (66%) are found in just ten.
The worldwide area of primary forest has decreased by about 80 million hectares since 1990:
Primary forests are old-growth forests abounding biodiversity, particularly in the tropics and savannahs, where deforestation is particularly severe. When these regions are cleansed, all of that is lost.
Agricultural expansion is still the main cause of deforestation and forest degradation, as well as the loss of forest biodiversity:
Between 2000 and 2010, large-scale commercial agriculture (mainly cattle ranching and soybean and oil palm production) accounted for 40% of tropical deforestation, with local subsistence agriculture accounting for the remaining 33%.
Deforestation is expected to be 10 million hectares annually between 2015 and 2020:
This is a decrease from the previous year’s total of 16 million hectares. While this is encouraging, we are nevertheless losing forests at an alarming rate. We can’t afford to keep losing them with everyday evidence that climate change is increasing worldwide.
There are about 60,000 tree species on the earth:
Most tree species are angiosperms, containing seeds and wide leaves that change color and die every fall. They are deciduous and include oaks, maples, and dogwood. Gymnosperm trees, or those having unenclosed seeds, include evergreen species such as pine, cedar, spruce, and fir.
45% of all tree species are members of just ten families:
Leguminosae, Rubiaceae, Myrtaceae, Lauraceae, Euphorbiaceae, Malvaceae, Melasomataceae, Annonaceae, Arecaceae, and Sapotaceae are the families in order of magnitude.
Single-country endemics constitute nearly 58% of all tree species:
This means they only exist in one location. Endangered tree species are especially vulnerable to deforestation because if their habitat is eliminated, they will become extinct.
Fact on the colonization of land by plants:
The colonization of land by plants between 425 and 600 million years ago and the eventual spread of forests aided in creating a breathable atmosphere.
With enough oxygen to support humans and the other oxygen-dependent life forms that share the planet.
Forest resources support 1.6 billion people’s livelihoods, with most of them (1.2 billion) using trees on farms to generate food and cash:
Trees provide a crucial safety net for families living in poverty if crops fail or diseases develop, prohibiting heads of households from working.
About 880 million people spend time collecting fuel wood or producing charcoal:
Furthermore, in many poor nations, people rely on fuel wood to supply up to 90% of their energy needs. As you might expect, this contributes to deforestation, so involving local communities in reforestation programs is critical.
Fact on forests managed by indigenous people:
Indigenous peoples manage areas (approximately 28% of the world’s land surface) that include some of the most ecologically intact forests and many biodiversity hotspots.
This is due to indigenous peoples’ adherence to traditional ways of living and reliance on ancestral knowledge to tread lightly on the natural world.
Fact on the worldwide forested area:
Worldwide, 18% of forest area, or more than 700 million hectares, falls within legally established protected areas such as national parks, conservation areas, and game reserves.
According to a recent study, people visit these regions an estimated 8 billion times per year, more than the global population.
South America has the highest share of forest in protected areas (31%), while Europe has the lowest (5%):
This is partly due to historically extensive settlement in Europe, and associated land uses such as logging and intensive agriculture. Europe has a smaller total land area as well.
Tropical tree cover loss now causes more emissions yearly than 85 million cars would come in their entire life:
If tropical deforestation were a country, it would be third in the world regarding CO2-equivalent emissions, trailing only China and the United States of America. In fact, due to deforestation, tropical forests are net carbon emitters.
Oxygen provided by Amazon forest cover:
Amazon provides 20% of the oxygen produced on land through photosynthesis. On the other hand, phytoplankton produces a staggering 70% of the earth’s oxygen.
As a result, it may be more appropriate to refer to the Amazon as Earth’s air conditioner rather than its lungs.
Right now, forests absorb 30% of all CO2 emissions:
Most of this carbon is found in forest soils, supported by networks of symbiotic roots, fungi, and microorganisms. As a result, wood is commonly regarded as a carbon sink.
JadavMolaiPayeng, a 47-year-old Indian, began planting trees on a barren sandbar when he was 16 years old. Today, he lives in his own 1360-acre forest, which is now home to tigers, elephants, and other exotic species.
In Hawaii, there are Eucalyptus trees with naturally rainbow-colored bark.
Thus, we learned some very interesting facts about trees in this article. To know about more such facts, follow this website.
- Trees are essential for maintaining the planet’s health, providing oxygen, absorbing carbon dioxide, and supporting biodiversity.
- Deforestation and habitat loss are major threats to trees and the ecosystems they support, leading to soil erosion, climate change, and the loss of wildlife habitats.
- Trees have many practical uses for humans, including providing food, medicine, and raw materials for construction and manufacturing.
- Planting and protecting trees is crucial to mitigating climate change and preserving the planet’s health for future generations.
I’m a former teacher with a background in child development and a passion for creating engaging and educational activities for children. I strongly understand child development and know how to create activities to help children learn and grow. Spare time, I enjoy spending time with my family, reading, and volunteering in my community.