30+ Jupiter Facts: the Wonders of the Mighty Gas Giant

Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and also the largest planet in the entire Solar system. This planet is a gas giant with a mass two and a half times bigger than all the other planets in our solar system combined. Also, Jupiter’s mass is slightly smaller than the Sun’s one-thousandth mass.

This big planet has no solid surface because this gas giant is made up of two gasses, helium, and hydrogen; hence, it has many mysteries. So, in this article, we will explore some amazing facts about the interesting planet Venus.

Interesting Jupiter Facts:

It is the largest planet:

Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and also the largest planet in the entire solar system. This gas giant does not have a solid surface and mainly comprises gasses. This giant planet has a diameter of 139,822 km or 86,881 miles.

Also, this fifth planet of our solar system is located at an average distance of 778.5 million kilometers or 483.8 million miles from the Sun.

It Is The Largest Planet

Jupiter spins the fastest around its own axis:

Jupiter is a planet that spins around its axis at a speed of around 12 km per second. In comparison, planet Earth can only spin around its axis at a speed of around 0.47 km per second. 

This also gives this planet Jupiter the shortest days among all planets in the entire solar system. Thus, one day on Jupiter is less than ten hours on Earth.

Jupiter protects the inner system, according to many scientists:

According to some scientists, many asteroids and comets that would have entered the inner part of the system get caught by the gravity of Jupiter.

Hence, being pulled in, these asteroids and comets impact Jupiter instead of the rocky planets like Earth. However, this theory has not been approved by some scientists.

They say that Jupiter has no real effect on the asteroids and comets entering the inner system. They say that Jupiter’s gravity pulls those objects from the outer system and then throws them into the inner system.

Jupiter Protects The Inner System According To Many Scientists

Jupiter may have destroyed other planets:

According to scientists, this is called the Grand Tack Hypothesis, depending on observations of other solar systems in the entire galaxy. As per this hypothesis, this solar system once had Super-Earths or rocky planets that were several times bigger than Earth’s.

At that time, these planets were torn apart between the gravity field of the Sun and planet Jupiter.

Over time, the rubble of those planets clumped together, eventually forming the smaller planets of this present day.

Jupiter’s inner mantle is made up of metallic hydrogen:

This results from the incredible pressure and heat that lies deep inside planet Jupiter. Under those situations, Hydrogen gas turns into a liquid substance with metallic properties.

Metallic hydrogen usually cannot exist outside of those circumstances, and scientists cannot replicate it even in a lab. This metallic hydrogen present in the inner mantle of planet Jupiter also generates the monstrously-powerful magnetic field of this planet.

Jupiters Inner Mantle Is Made Up Of Metallic Hydrogen

Planet Jupiter has a core:

Though its actual composition remains unknown, a mission to Jupiter in 2016 revealed that the core wasn’t in one piece.

According to scientists, a planet almost ten times the size of the Earth smashed into planet Jupiter billions of years ago. This eventually resulted in the fragmented core of planet Jupiter.

Jupiter’s atmosphere is the thickest:

According to scientists, the atmosphere of Jupiter has a depth of 5000 km. Even then, Jupiter, the gas giant of our solar system, technically doesn’t have a solid surface, unlike the way that planet Earth and other rocky planets do. 

Instead, scientists mark the end of the atmosphere at a depth where its pressure can hit 100 kPa.

Jupiters Atmosphere Is The Thickest

Jupiter’s outer mantle is made up of liquid hydrogen:

Another consequence of the incredible pressure and heat inside planet Jupiter is the presence of liquid hydrogen in its outer mantle.

Though, liquid hydrogen is not as rare as metallic hydrogen because it can be produced in industrial amounts.

Actually, today, liquid hydrogen is one of the most commonly used rocket fuels in our world.

The clouds of Jupiter form only a thin layer of its atmosphere:

While planet Jupiter has a dense atmosphere, scientists think that Jupiter’s clouds only span 50 km deep.

These clouds of this giant planet are mainly composed of ammonium hydrosulphide and ammonia. Moreover, scientists even believe a thinner layer of water clouds is under ammonia.

Depending on this hypothesis, these water clouds create storms inside the atmosphere of Jupiter, created by the same procedure that is the reason behind the storms on planet Earth.

Though the formation procedure may be similar, storms on Jupiter are on an entirely different level from the storms on Earth.

The magnetic field of planet Jupiter is the strongest among all planets:

Similar to planet Earth, planet Jupiter’s core is made of an active, swirling molten substance whose motion can generate a magnetic field, which is very powerful.

According to the measurements done by NASA, the magnetic field of Jupiter is at least 14 times stronger than the magnetic field of Earth. This makes Jupiter’s magnetic field the most powerful in the solar system.

The Great Red Spot is a powerful storm on planet Jupiter:

In terms of area, the Great Red Spot in Jupiter is a lot bigger than planet Earth. This spot measures 16,350 km or 1.3 times wider than the Earth at its equator.

Like the storms on Earth, it has a calm by that is surrounded by slower winds that grow much faster and stronger further out.

Today, scientists believe that the outer layers of this storm move at a speed of around 680 km per hour. In contrast, Typhoon Tip, the strongest storm ever recorded on Earth, only reached a maximum of 305 km per hour.

The Great Red Spot Is A Powerful Storm On Planet Jupiter

The Great Red Spot has fluctuated in size:

Over the centuries, continuous changes in the atmospheric conditions on Jupiter keep the storm going by influencing its composition. The Great Red Spot became too small to see during the 18th century and regained its strength and size by 1830. 

Around the late 19th century, astronomers recorded that the Great Red Spot of Jupiter was measured 41,000 km across. However, after that, it began to shrink again, and by 1979, it reached just 23000 km across. Also, by the year 2009, it had shrunk to only 17,910 km across. 

Astronomers first spotted the Great Red Spot in the 17th century:

The Great Red Spot is also considered to be the longest ongoing storm ever recorded. The first sighting was recorded by 1665, meaning the Great Red Spot had raged for at least 355 years.

Even then, scientists aren’t sure enough about whether the storm existed before this discovery. This means that its original age may be a lot older.

Jupiter has the four largest moons:

In the year 1610, Galileo Galilei observed four big objects orbiting around the planet Jupiter. At that time, people did not believe his claims seriously, and the most famous scientists rejected the discovery of Galileo Galilei. 

However, those satellites turned out to be the moons of Jupiter, named Callisto, Io, Ganymede, and Europa. Before long, scientists renamed these moons the Galilean satellites to honor Galileo.

Jupiter Has The Four Largest Moons

Jupiter and its satellite Io generate radio waves:

Jupiter and one of its moons, Io, generate radio waves that are strong enough to be picked up from Earth.

These powerful radio waves result from interactions between planet Jupiter and its satellite Io. As Io orbits Jupiter, its many volcanoes dump a huge amount of sulfur dioxide into the space around Jupiter.

Once this element reacts with the ions of hydrogen present in Jupiter’s atmosphere, it creates a layer of plasma around the equator of this planet. Combined with the magnetic field of Jupiter, electrons present in the plasma can then form these powerful radio waves.

Jupiter And Its Satellite Io Generate Radio Waves

Ganymede is the biggest among all the moons in the solar system:

The biggest satellite Jupiter with a 5268 km width, is bigger than Mercury. Many scientists believe that a mix of ice and rock makes up its crust with an ocean underneath.

Many scientists even propose that this ocean might be up to 800 km deep, offering Ganymede the amount of water out of anybody in the entire solar system. 

Also, there is a geologically active mantle under this ocean that surrounds both a molten outer core and a solid inner core that is made from iron. Hence, Ganymede’s core generates a magnetic field.

Europa has the smoothest surface:

Scientists believe that the crust of Europa is mostly made of ice, so it is incredibly smooth. They also believe this moon’s mantle holds an ocean up to 100 km deep.

Also, the underground ocean of Europa has almost three times the volume of oceans present on Earth. Europa also has a rocky mantle under its oceanic mantle surrounding an iron core.

Also, this mantle of Europa has volcanic activities that can produce heat, and that heat can cause currents and other activities in the crust and ocean of the moon.

Satellite Io has the least water:

Jupiter’s moon Io is the most volcanically-active object in the entire solar system. It has almost 400 active volcanoes.

Its crust and mantle are made of rock, with many of its surfaces crusted by sulfur deposits due to its many volcanoes. Under its mantle, this moon has a solid core that is made of sulfur and iron.

In conclusion, Jupiter is an interesting planet that can captivate researchers and scientists worldwide. Its atmosphere, size, moon, magnetic field, and various other features provide a wealth of information to scientists.

At the end of this article, we learned about 18 amazing facts about this significant planet in our solar system called Jupiter. These facts give us a clear idea about this important part of our universe. To know more, you may visit our website.

Jupiter Facts
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