28 Amazing Turkey Facts That Everyone should know

Turkey is a fascinating country with a rich history and culture. Located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, it has been home to several ancient civilizations and empires, including the Hittites, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, and Ottomans.

Turkey is a modern, democratic country with a diverse population and a thriving economy ✨. In this article, we will explore some interesting Turkey facts that you may not have known before.

Table of Contents

Fascinating Turkey Facts

Turkey has two of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World:

Turkey Has Two Of The Seven Wonders

The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World are some of human history’s most remarkable feats of engineering and architecture 🏛️. While only one of them, the Great Pyramid of Giza, still stands today, Turkey can boast of having two.

The Temple of Artemis, located in the ancient city of Ephesus, and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, situated in modern-day Bodrum, were included in the list 🏛️.

Turkey is the birthplace of several famous historical figures:

Turkey has been home to many famous historical figures, including Alexander the Great, who conquered much of the world before his death at age 32; Saint Nicholas, the inspiration for Santa Claus; and the Sufi poet Rumi, whose works continue to be famous worldwide 📜.

Istanbul is the only city in the world located on two continents:

Istanbul City in Turkey

Istanbul, the largest city in Turkey, is the only city in the world that spans two continents. The city is divided by the Bosphorus Strait, with one side in Europe and the other in Asia.

This unique location has made Istanbul a center of trade and culture for centuries 🌍.

Turkey is one of the world’s oldest wine-producing regions:

Turkey has a long history of wine production, dating back to ancient times. The country is home to some of the world’s oldest grape varieties, including the Şirince grape, which is said to be over 1,000 years old.

Despite this long history, Turkey is not widely known for its wine production today 🍷, with most of its output consumed domestically.

Turkish cuisine is incredibly diverse:

Turkish Cuisine

Turkish cuisine is a delicious fusion of Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, and Central Asian flavors. Some of the most famous dishes include kebabs, baklava, and Turkish delight 🍽️, but there are hundreds of other delicious dishes to try.

Turkish breakfast is particularly popular with cheeses, olives, and fresh bread 🥙.

Turkey has more ancient ruins than any other country in the world:

Turkey's Ancient Ruins

Thanks to its long history and strategic location, Turkey has more ancient ruins than any other country. Some of the most famous sites include Ephesus, Troy, and the ancient city of Hierapolis, home to Pamukkale’s impressive white travertine terraces 🏛️.

Turkey is home to one of the world’s oldest churches:

Oldest Churches in Turkey

The Church of St. Peter, located in the southern city of Antakya, is believed to be one of the oldest churches in the world 🏰. According to tradition, it was founded by the Apostle Peter himself in the first century AD. Today, the church is a popular pilgrimage site for Christians 🏰.

Turkey is the site of the world’s first known international treaty:

The Treaty of Kadesh, signed between the Hittites and Egyptians in 1274 BC, is believed to be the world’s first known international treaty.

The treaty ended a long-standing conflict between the two empires and established a new era of peace and cooperation 🤝.

Turkey is home to one of the world’s largest mosques:

World’s Largest Mosques in Turkey

The Şakirin Mosque in Istanbul is one of the world’s largest mosques 🕌. A female architect designed it with a modern design incorporating traditional Islamic elements.

The mosque is famous for its stunning interior, decorated with beautiful mosaics and calligraphy.

The Turkish flag is red and white because of a legend involving blood and milk:

The Turkish Flag

According to legend, the founder of the Ottoman Empire, Osman I, was walking through the forest one day when he saw a white-bearded man with a red tunic. The man offered him a glass of milk, which Osman drank 🥛.

Then the man took out his sword and dipped it in blood, offering it to Osman. Osman took the sword, and the man said, “From now on, your name will be associated with your sword, and your nation will be called after your name.” This legend is why the Turkish flag is red and white.

Turkey is the world’s largest producer of hazelnuts:

Turkey Is The World’s Largest Producer Of Hazelnuts

Turkey produces over 70% of the world’s hazelnuts, making it the largest producer of this tasty nut 🌰. Hazelnuts are vital in many Turkish dishes, including baklava and Turkish delight.

Turkey has a unique musical instrument called the “bağlama”:

Turkey's Unique Musical Instrument

The bağlama is a long-necked, fretted lute widely used in Turkish folk music 🎶. It is similar to other instruments in the lute family, such as the oud and the saz, but has a unique sound and playing style. The bağlama is often played solo or as part of a small ensemble.

The ancient city of Troy is located in Turkey:

The city of Troy, made famous in Homer’s epic poem, The Iliad, is in modern-day Turkey.

The town was destroyed and rebuilt multiple times over the centuries, but today’s ruins offer a glimpse into the ancient world.

The world’s oldest known map was found in Turkey:

The oldest known map in the world, the “Imago Mundi,” was found in Turkey 🗺️. It is believed to have been created in 620 BC and shows the known world, including the Mediterranean, the Black Sea, and parts of Europe and Asia.

Turkish coffee is an integral part of Turkish culture:

Turkish coffee is a thick, rich coffee traditionally brewed in a copper pot and served in small cups ☕️. It is an integral part of Turkish culture, and drinking coffee with friends and family is a popular social activity.

The Turkish alphabet has 29 letters:

The Turkish alphabet was reformed in 1928 and now has 29 letters. It is based on the Latin alphabet and includes Q, W, and X.

Turkey has a diverse wildlife population:

Turkey is home to diverse wildlife, including wolves 🐺, bears 🐻, lynx 🦌, and wild boar. The country is also an important breeding ground for sea turtles, and several species of whales and dolphins can be seen off the coast.

The Grand Bazaar in Istanbul is one of the world’s oldest and largest covered markets:

Turkey's Grand Bazaar In Istanbul

The Grand Bazaar in Istanbul is one of the world’s oldest and largest covered markets, with over 4,000 shops selling everything from jewelry and carpets to spices and souvenirs. The bazaar has been a center of commerce and culture for centuries 🏪.

Turkey is the world’s largest producer of dried figs:

Turkey is the world’s largest producer of dried figs, producing over 70,000 tons each year. Dried figs are a popular snack and ingredient in many Turkish dishes 🌰.

The Turkish word for “cheers” is “şerefe”:

When raising a glass with friends in Turkey, it is customary to say “şerefe” before taking a sip 🥂. This word means “to honor” or “to celebrate” and is an integral part of Turkish culture.

Turkey is home to one of the world’s most beautiful hot air balloon rides:

The Cappadocia region of Turkey is famous for its stunning landscape of towering rock formations and fairy chimneys. It is also home to one of the world’s most beautiful hot air balloon rides, where visitors can float above the otherworldly landscape at sunrise 🌄.

Turkey is a leader in renewable energy:

Turkey is a leader in renewable energy, particularly in wind power ♻️. The country has recently invested heavily in wind energy and is home to one of the world’s largest wind farms.

The Turkish word for “welcome” is “hoşgeldiniz”:

When greeting visitors or guests, it is customary in Turkey to say “hoşgeldiniz,” which means “welcome.” This word is an integral part of Turkish hospitality 🤝.

The Turkish government is planning to build the world’s largest airport:

The Turkish government is planning to build the world’s largest airport, which will be located in Istanbul. The airport is expected to have six runways ✈️ and be able to handle up to 200 million passengers per year.

Turkey is home to the world’s first underwater museum:

The world’s first underwater museum 🏛️, the Sunken City of Kekova, is located off the coast of Turkey 🌊. The museum features the ruins of an ancient city submerged by an earthquake in the 2nd century AD.

The traditional Turkish bath, or hammam, is a popular tourist attraction:

The hammam is a traditional Turkish bath used for centuries for relaxation and socializing. Today, many hammams have been converted into tourist attractions, where visitors can experience the traditional bath 🛀 ritual and enjoy a massage.

Turkey is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world:

Turkey is a popular tourist destination, attracting millions of visitors each year. The country is known for its stunning coastline, rich history, and vibrant culture.

Hagia Sophia is A Living Architectural Marvel of Turkey.

Standing majestically in Istanbul, Hagia Sophia is a testament to Turkey’s rich history. Originally built as a Byzantine church, it later transformed into an imperial mosque 🕌 and now serves as a museum.

This architectural masterpiece combines Byzantine and Ottoman elements with its soaring domes, intricate mosaics, and grandeur. Hagia Sophia’s significance lies in its ability to bridge two distinct civilizations, making it an enduring symbol of cultural heritage.

In this article, we have covered 28 amazing facts about Turkey. Keep learning! 

Was this article helpful?
Hungry for more Facts?

Want to learn something new? Our fact generator tool is your solution. Click and get facts as much as you like!

Let's Go
Explore Fun Facts!

Leave a Comment