Cinematograph: Who invented, Types, Applications

A cinematograph, also known as kinematograph, is an early term used for several motion picture film mechanisms. Those devices mainly include important film projectors, movie cameras, or even complete systems that offer vital means to print films, like the Cinematographe Lumiere.

In the year 1895, Louis and Auguste Lumiere invented the big screen because of their revolutionary camera and projector, also known as the Cinematographer.

Louis and Auguste Lumiere invented the unique camera to develop, record, and project film. The word “cinematograph” means show, projector, or motion-picture camera.

A cinematograph is basically both a projector and a camera. The main innovation at the heart of the cinematograph was the working procedure through which film could be transported through the camera.

Two claws or pins were inserted into the sprocket holes punched into the celluloid film strip; those pins could move the film along and then retract, leaving the film stationary during exposure.

The person responsible for recording or photographing a television production, film, music video, and other live active pieces is a cinematographer or director. From the word “cinematograph,” the word “cinema” has been derived and is now used worldwide.

Types of Cinematographs

There are various types of cinematographs around the world, such as:

  • Bioscope.
  • Biography.
  • Kinetoscope.
  • Photograph.
  • Panopticon.
  • Vitascope.
  • Praxinoscope.
  • Zoopraxiscope.

Examples of A Cinematograph

There are various types of popular examples of cinematography, such as:


This is a unique kind of movie projector developed by German filmmakers and inventors Max Skladanowsky and Emil Skladanowsky in 1895.


This was a motion picture system that was developed by famous chronophotographerOttomar Anschutz during the time from 1886 to 1894.


Another early motion picture exhibition device designed for films to be enjoyed by just one person at a time through a peephole viewer window. Later, Kennedy Laurie Dickson devised this device with rapid intermittent film movement, stop-and-go, and many more.


Another cinematograph was created by Woodville Latham and Eugene Augustin Lauste in New York City between 1894 and 1895.


This kind of device was an early kind of movie camera that was constructed in 1894. The inventor of this unique device was a Polish inventor Kazimierz Proszynski. Proszynski even constructed the first hand-held camera, known as an Aeroscope.


It was a unique kind of animation device that was the zoetrope’s successor. Charles-Emile Reynaud invented it in the year 1877.


It was another device or film projector that Thomas Armat and Charles Francis first demonstrated in the year 1895.

Applications of A Cinematograph

There are multiple applications of a cinematograph, such as:

A Cinematograph helps the director or cinematographer to determine the approach and to understand what kind of vision will be perfect for the film. When the director is working, a cinematograph device helps him/her understand whether they need to think about re-enactments or found footage.

A cinematograph helps a cinematographer decide what kind of lenses, cameras, and angles may make a scene look unique and visually attractive.

With the help of an efficient cinematograph, a cinematographer can make decisions regarding the appropriate lighting that can create the right mood as the director prefers. Those devices can also help to enhance the contrast, depth, and contour of an image to support the atmosphere of the story.

Thus, this article depicts some vital facts related to a cinematograph that may benefit you.

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