12 Inert Gases Facts: Exploring Properties and Applications of Gases

Have you ever wondered where noble gases fall on the periodic table? The periodic table’s Group 18 includes all of these gases.

They primarily exist as gases, though they can also be found as liquids under rare circumstances.

The essential information regarding noble gases, including their facts and qualities, is covered in this article.

Interesting Inert Gases:

๐Ÿ‘‰ These gases lack flavor, smell, and color

These Gases Lack Flavor, Smell, And Color

Air is a dull, flavorless, and bland mixture of gases made up primarily of nitrogen and oxygen.

It is the portion of the environment on Earth that humans and any surviving animals use to obtain the oxygen necessary to sustain life.

The climate of the Earth contains not only the air we breathe but also the clouds of moisture that eventually turn into the water we drink.

๐Ÿ‘‰ Monatomic forms of noble gases are common.

Noble gases have very low melting and boiling points because of the weak interatomic interaction.

Under normal circumstances, all of themโ€”including those with atomic weights greater than several typically solid elementsโ€”are monatomic vapors.

๐Ÿ‘‰ There is hardly any chemical reaction in these gases

Little chemical reaction in these gases

They are often known as unreactive gases. The element’s valency is known as the number of electrons an element gains or loses during a chemical reaction to achieve a stable electronic configuration.

As argon gas does not participate in any chemical reactions, its valency is 0 because its valence shell has already been completely filled.

๐Ÿ‘‰ The valence electrons’ outer shell is full.

The elements in group 18 of the periodic table are inert gases. They have an entirely filled valence electron configuration; consequently, they are stable and do not participate in chemical reactions.

Inert gases include helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, and radon. Except for helium, all of them have 8 electrons in the valence shell.

๐Ÿ‘‰ Noble gases don’t catch fire

Noble Gases Donโ€™t Catch Fire

When two elements combine, their atoms’ outer shells are completed by losing, gaining, or sharing electrons.

Noble gas atoms already have full outer shells; therefore, they don’t incline to add, lose, or share electrons. Because of this, noble gases are inert and don’t participate in chemical processes.

Noble gases are relatively stable compounds that are not flammable and do not react easily with other chemicals.

๐Ÿ‘‰ Six of the seven noble gases are found naturally in the atmosphere

Helium (He), neon (Ne), argon (Ar), krypton (Kr), xenon (Xe), and radioactive radon are the six naturally occurring noble gases (Rn). Oganesson (Og) is a highly radioactive element created synthetically. These highly unreactive gases, i.e., react only under extreme conditions.

๐Ÿ‘‰ A tiny range of temperatures causes noble gases to become liquids

High-pressure tests on diamond anvils and high-pressure/high-temperature shock tests have also shown that the structure of these materials is significantly altered by compression and heating. Noble gases turn into liquids or solids when they are cooled or squeezed.

๐Ÿ‘‰ The only synthetically created noble gas is oganesson

Oganesson (Og) is a highly radioactive element created synthetically. Although the IUPAC has included oganesson since “group 18” and “noble gas” have been used interchangeably, oganesson may not be appreciably chemically noble and is projected to deviate from the norm be reactive due to relativistic effects.

๐Ÿ‘‰ After hydrogen, helium is the most prevalent element 

After hydrogen, helium is abundant

After hydrogen, helium is the second most prevalent element in the universe, making up around 25% of all atoms.

The Big Bang produced most of the helium in the universe, although it was also produced by hydrogen fusion in stars.

๐Ÿ‘‰ Helium

In the family of noble gases, it is the first chemical element. He is its symbol, and its atomic number is 2.

One-fourth of our atmosphere comprises the colorless, odorless gas helium. Helium has lower freezing and boiling points than any other known substance. 

The only element that cannot solidify by adequate cooling at standard atmospheric pressure is helium; to solidify it, a pressure of 25 atmospheres at a temperature of 1 K (or 272 ยฐC or 458 ยฐF) must be applied.

๐Ÿ‘‰ Neon

Neon

It is the substance discovered, along with Krypton and Xenon. Its symbol is Ne, and it has an atomic number of 10.

A vital component of every emergency preparedness bag should include a neon flashlight.

It is the substance discovered, along with Krypton and Xenon. Its symbol is Ne, and it has an atomic number of 10.

A vital component of every emergency preparedness bag should include a neon flashlight. It is the heaviest gas in the atmosphere of the Earth.

Although the gas is always present in small amounts, lung cancer can occur if you breathe high doses of radon over an extended period of time.

๐Ÿ‘‰ Oganesson

The “ultra-heavy, undiscovered” element on the periodic table is oganesson. The first artificially created highly radioactive noble gas, Oganesson, has the atomic number 118 and the Og symbol.

As only a few oganesson atoms have been created, it is impossible to establish its physical or chemical properties directly;

however, it is most likely a gas at room temperature. Like radon, oganesson’s chemistry is believed to reflect its expected metalloid characteristics.

The idea of noble gases is thoroughly discussed in this article. A collection of elements known as noble gases don’t interact with other elements. If you want to know more about such facts, follow this website.

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