20+ Liquid Facts About Everyday Fluids! (Free Printable)

There are four basic states of matter: Liquid, gas, solid, and plasma. Water is the most common liquid in our planet and body.

Liquids can flow and adapt to the shape of their containers, demonstrating their unique properties. Additionally, liquids play a crucial role in various natural and industrial processes, from nourishing plants to powering machinery.

Though liquids have a specific volume, their primary characteristic is their non-fixed shape. This unique state of matter takes the shape of the container in which they are placed. 

However, water is one kind of liquid that is essential for life. So, let’s discuss some amazing Liquid Facts.

Amazing Liquid Facts

Liquid as The State of Matter

Liquid Is A State Of Matter

A liquid is mainly an incomprehensible fluid that can conform to the shape of its container while retaining a nearly constant volume independent of pressure.

It is one of the four basic states of matter, whereas the other three are plasma, gas, and solid. Also, liquid only has a state with a definite volume but no fixed shape.

Liquids are made up of tiny matter particles called atoms. These atoms are held together by a specific bond called an intermolecular bond. Like a gas, a liquid can flow from one place to another.

Liquids Do Not Disperse

Most liquids can resist compression, though others can be compressed. A liquid does not disperse to fill every part and corner of the container and maintains a nearly constant density.

A significant property of this liquid state is surface tension, which results in wetting phenomena. Also, water is by far the most common and important liquid on Earth.

Density of Liquids Compared to Solids

Density Of Liquid Is Closer To Solids

The density of this liquid form is mainly close to that of a solid and a lot lighter than that of a gas.

Hence, solid and liquid are called condensed matter. Also, as both gases and liquids can flow, these two are called fluids. 

Although the specific kind of liquid called water is abundant on Earth, this specific state of matter is the least common in the universe.

This is because liquids need a relatively narrow pressure or temperature range. The most common matter in the universe is interstellar clouds.

Free Movement of Liquid Particles

The particles or molecules of a liquid have a lot of freedom to move. The forces that bind a solid’s molecules together are temporary in a liquid. Thus, a liquid can flow while a solid cannot.

As the particles of a liquid are bound firmly but flexibly, they can move freely, resulting in a particular degree of particle mobility.

Unlike a gas, a liquid is almost incomprehensible; hence, it can occupy a constant volume over various pressure ranges. Sometimes, a liquid may not mix with another kind of liquid. 

Boiling and Freezing Points of Liquids

The Boiling And Freezing Point

With the rising temperature, the increased vibration of liquid molecules increases distances between themselves.

So, while reaching its boiling point, that molecule bond breaks, and the liquid changes to its gaseous form.

In contrast, if the temperature is decreased, the distances between those particles or molecules decrease.

Hence, when the liquid reaches its freezing point, this intermolecular bond becomes more rigid and changes into its solid form.

Examples of Pure Liquid Substances

Pure substances that are actually liquid under normal temperatures and conditions are ethanol, water, and various other organic solvents.

Liquid water is the most important element in our daily life, biology, and chemistry. Also, water is essential for all other known forms of life.

Some examples of inorganic liquids are water, magma, and several acids.

Liquefaction of Gases

Many Gases Can Be Liquefied

There are many kinds of gases that can be liquefied by cooling. This procedure can create some liquids, like liquid nitrogen, liquid oxygen, and liquid helium.

Though not all gases can be liquified by changing atmospheric pressure; however, gases like Carbon dioxide can be liquified at pressures above 5.1 atm.

Water: Earth’s Most Common Liquid

Water is a specific liquid that covers almost 71% of the surface of Earth, with oceans and seas making up most of the Earth’s water volume. 

A small portion of this water, like 1.7%, stays as groundwater in Greenland and Antarctica’s ice caps and glaciers, and some other parts as vapor in the air, clouds, and even precipitation.

Water is a liquid that moves through the water cycle of evaporation, transpiration, precipitation, condensation, and runoff, generally reaching the sea.

Liquid Metal: Mercury

Mercury Is A Metal In Liquid Form

Mercury is a metallic element with the chemical symbol Hg and atomic number 80. It is the only metal that can be seen in liquid form at room temperature, and hence, it is also known as “quicksilver” or “liquid silver.” 

This liquid form of Mercury has a silvery appearance and is not a good conductor of heat. However, it is a very good conductor of electricity. This liquid metal is widely utilized in medicine and industry.

Cinnabar: Source of Mercury

Mercury is a rare liquid metal whose primary source is cinnabar. Cinnabar is a specific kind of red mineral that contains mercury sulfide.

The largest amounts of cinnabars can be found in places such as China, Spain, and the United States.

Mercury can be obtained from cinnabar by heating the mineral in a furnace. This forms mercury vapor, which can be condensed and collected.

Mercury Is a Toxic Liquid

Mercury Is A Toxic Liquid

Exposure to this liquid metal, mercury can be very harmful to human health. This toxic liquid can be ingested through contaminated water or drink, absorbed through the skin, or inhaled as a vapor.

Exposure to this silvery liquid can result in a wide range of health issues, including liver, kidney, and nervous system damage. Moreover, it can cause developmental issues in children and fetuses.

Various Uses of Mercury

Mercury or liquid silver has many uses in the industry, such as in the production of caustic soda and chlorine, barometers, thermometers, and other scientific instruments. In addition, mercury is used in batteries, dental fillings, and even fluorescent lights.

However, because of its toxicity, many countries have enforced laws to restrict and regulate the use and disposal of mercury.

Water on Saturn’s Moon

There Is Water On Saturn’s Moon

It has been found that there is a warm ocean under the ice crust of Saturn’s moon Enceladus.

As a hydrothermal vent at the bottom of one of the oceans of Earth is where life started on our home planet, scientists think that, similarly, Saturn’s moon can be the best place to look for alien life.

Moreover, scientists have even found a big pool of water, mainly water vapor, floating in space. It has water similar to 140 trillion times all of the ocean’s water on Earth.

Billboard Producing Water in Peru

In Peru, a billboard can create drinkable water with nothing but air. This billboard works in a procedure called reverse osmosis, in which it just captures the humidity of the air, condenses that humidity, and can create clean drinking water.

Uses of Liquid Hydrogen

Liquid Hydrogen

Hydrogen usually becomes liquid at high pressure and a very low temperature. Under extremely high pressure, it can change its state.

This liquid form of hydrogen has been used for several years as a vital fuel in space technology. Caseous hydrogen can be turned into liquid form by cooling it below the temperature of-253 degrees Celsius. This liquid hydrogen can be stored in insulated tanks. 

This liquid hydrogen can generate electric power in a fuel cell, and hence, it is used in rocket engines, aircraft, bubble chamber experiments, and even in nuclear fusion.

Surprising Properties of Liquid Helium

When helium is cooled to the lowest temperature possible, it becomes liquid helium, which has amazing properties.

This liquid helium can flow against gravity and start running up and over the lip of a glass container.

Scorpion Venom: The Most Expensive Liquid

Scorpion Venom Is Most Expensive Liquid

The most expensive liquid on Earth is Scorpion venom, which costs $38,858,507.46 per gallon. This is much costlier than the venom of the Thailand cobra, which is worth $152,835.82 per gallon. 

Moreover, pitch is a viscous liquid that flows very slowly. In an experiment started in 1930, only nine drops of this viscous liquid dripped, the last one being on April 17, 2014.

Magnetic Properties of Liquid Oxygen

The liquid form of oxygen is magnetic. This unique liquid can be moved around and picked up with a powerful magnet.

Viscosity: A Vital Property of Liquids

Viscosity is a vital property of liquids defined as the liquid’s resistance to flow. When the intermolecular forces are very strong within a liquid, there is a larger viscosity.

For this reason, if you pour two liquids, water, and honey, down a windshield, water will speed right past honey, as honey has a higher viscosity than water.

Also, liquids can exist at different pressures and temperatures, such as water. It can stay in its liquid form at room temperature but also can exist in its liquid form at higher pressures and temperatures.

Discovery of The First Liquid Crystal

The First Liquid Crystal

The first liquid crystal was a modified version of cholesterol known as cholesterol benzoate. It remains solid at room temperature, but near about 150 degrees Celsius, it can perform differently.

Also, at about 180 degrees Celsius, it changed its state, but it did not become gaseous. Instead, it becomes a clear liquid from its previous state of cloudy liquid.

These liquid crystals play a vital role in biology, especially in membranes.

So, liquids are very important for different aspects of our lives and our planet and its other life forms. It has different properties and uses that help us in different ways.

Free Liquid Facts Printables

Excited to learn about the fascinating world of liquids with your kids? With just one easy click, you can download and print these engaging educational resources.

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Free Liquid Facts Printables
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