24+ Mars Facts: Exploring the Red Planet

Mars is undoubtedly one of the most interesting planets in the solar system. This red planet is filled with mysteries and huge canyons around 3000 miles across and 6000 miles deep. Also, on Mars, there are volcanoes around 75000 feet tall and other fascinating sceneries in our solar system. 

Mars was once ruled by water but then disappeared into thin air; however, among all planets in the solar system, Mars is the planet that scientists believe is most likely to have life. So, here we will explore some interesting facts about Mars.

Interesting Mars Facts:-

This planet has the largest volcanic mountain:

This Planet Has The Largest Volcanic Mountain

Mars is the planet that has the largest volcanic mountain in our entire solar system. A shield volcano known as Olympus Mons is three times the height of Mount Everest.

This gigantic volcanic mountain features an approximate diameter of 600 kilometers and an approximate height of 22 kilometers. 

This volcanic mountain on Mars is believed to occupy the same area as mainland France, and as a shield volcano, it grew a lot bigger due to the lava flow during eruptions.

It is the seventh-largest planet:

Mars is the seventh largest planet and the fourth planet from the Sun. Also, this planet is known as the “Red Planet” due to the widespread amount of iron oxide on its surface that offers a unique characteristic, such as red color. This component of iron oxide is commonly known as rust.

Also, Mars has an average surface temperature of minus 63 degrees Celsius or minus 81 degrees Fahrenheit. Thus, Mars’s average temperature is about 77 degrees Celsius, chillier than the average surface temperature of our Earth.

Who discovered Mars is still not known:

The truth about who is the actual discoverer of Mars is still not known to us. The red planet Mars was named after the Roman god of War because this planet’s reddish appearance reminded people of blood.

However, in 1659, a renowned Dutch mathematician and scientist, Christian Huygens, discovered a strange feature on Mars’s surface. Later, it was referred to as Syrtis Major, an ancient volcanic location on Mars.

The surface area of Mars:

The Surface Area Of Mars

The surface area of planet Mars is about 55,742,105 square miles, which is very close to Earth’s surface area of 57,308,757 square miles.

Moreover, one year on Mars, known as Martian Year, equals Earth’s 687 days. In contrast, a day on Mars lasts about 40 minutes more than a single day on Earth.

Mars’ atmosphere is a lot thinner than Earth’s:

Mars Atmosphere Is A Lot Thinner Than Earths

The atmosphere of planet Mars is about 61 times thinner than the atmosphere of Earth.  Mars’ atmosphere is formed mainly of carbon dioxide, while on Earth, carbon dioxide accounts for only 0.04% of the Earth’s atmosphere.

Although Mars is considered a potential second to Earth, humans cannot breathe in this planet’s atmosphere. The reason is Mars’ atmosphere has 96% of carbon dioxide and only about 0.2% oxygen.

Mars once had many oceans:

Once, Mars was dominated by oceans until they disappeared suddenly. Now, all the water on this planet would make up just about 1.5% of all water present on our Earth.

However, in 2014, a car-sized robotic rover deployed by NASA (Curiosity Rover) explored the Gale Crater, significant methane burps. According to the speculations of many scientists, this means that life existed on the red planet.

It isn’t easy to get to this planet:

There is no doubt of the fact that it is very difficult to get to the red planet Mars. Almost one-third of all missions to Mars have failed till today. 

The 1960s and 1970s viewed numerous missions to this fascinating red planet. The new millennium, however, has witnessed several launches. The exact number will be 10.

Like planet Earth, Astronauts discovered ice caps at the poles of the planet Mars. The northern cap of this planet is around 3.2 kilometers or 2 miles deep and is believed to cover an area that is similar to Texas.

It Isnt Easy To Get To This Planet

Here are some fiercest dust storms that occur:

Dust storms experienced on this planet are some of the fiercest and largest in the entire solar system. A single dust storm on this planet can cover the whole planet and even last for several months.

Another interesting fact about this planet is that the path orbited by this planet is oval-shaped and elliptical around the Sun. Also, it is a lot longer than any other planet in the solar system.

Its southern hemisphere is tilted:

Its Southern Hemisphere Is Tilted

The southern hemisphere of this red planet, Mars, tilts towards the Sun at its closest point to the Sun. This produces an extremely hot and short summer, while the northern hemisphere of this red planet experiences a cold, short winter.

In contrast, the northern hemisphere of Mars tilts toward the Sun at its furthest point from the Sun. The results in a mild and relatively long summer, while the southern hemisphere faces a cold winter.

Planet Mars is relatively smaller than Earth:

Planet Mars is actually smaller than planet Earth. This means it would need more than 6 Mars to fit into planet Earth. Also, on Mars, the appearance of the Sun has the same size as it looks on planet Earth.

Galileo Galilei first discovered this interesting red planet through a telescope. However, within a century, scientists could pinpoint its ice caps.

Mars will have a ring:

According to many scientists, the planet Mars will have a ring someday. They think that in the coming 20 to 40 million years, the biggest moon of Mars, Phobos, will be shredded apart by strong gravitational forces, which will result in the formation of a ring that will be able to last 100 million years.

Also, traces of liquid water were found on this red planet. Mars has been believed to contain water in the form of ice over the past centuries. Several satellite images showed stripes or stains as the first signs of trickling water.

The month March is named after Mars:

The third month of Earth’s year, known as March, is named after this interesting red planet, Mars.  Also, this planet experiences all the four seasons that occur on Earth, as Mars’ axis is tilted away from the Sun.

Mars doesn’t have an Ozone layer:

This red planet of our solar system lacks an Ozone layer like Earth; hence, it has a potent dose of radiation when the Sun rises. Also, 20% of water freezes on the Red planet during winter. 

Mars also lacks a magnetic field, which means this planet doesn’t have a molten core, unlike Earth. Moreover, if a person were to drive from Earth to Mars at a speed of 60 mph, it would take him 271 years and 221 days.

Mars’ gravity is lower than Earth’s:

Mars Gravity Is Lower Than Earths

Mars has 62% lower gravity than planet Earth. If the weight of a human is 100 pounds on Earth, its weight would be 38 pounds on Mars.

Also, if one can jump onto the red planet, he would have received three times the height they can achieve on Earth.

The first spacecraft:

The first spacecraft that was sent to explore planet Mars was Mars 1, sent by the Soviet Union in the year 1962. However, mission controllers of this mission lost contact with this spacecraft en route to Mars.

The first spacecraft to reach this red planet was sent by America. This spacecraft was known as Mariner 4.  It returned back to Earth with some close-up images of Mars.

This American spacecraft sent blurry images of bare craters and ground, leading some scientists to believe that Mars has characteristics much like the Moon.

Mars has a wide variety of rocks:

While exploring this red planet, scientists discover various types of rocks. They named some of them like, Stimpy, Shark, Moe, Yogi, Bamacle, and Cabbage Patch.

They thought about these names because they were easy to remember. Also, seven robots are still wandering the surface of this red planet.

Mars has two moons:

Mars Has Two Moons

Mars has two moons, Deimos and Phobos, both of which have irregular shapes. Phobos is projected to crash into Mars as it moves closer to its atmosphere.

However, this phenomenon is anticipated to occur in the next 10 to 50 million years. Mars’ moons were discovered in 1877 by an American astronomer named Asaph Hall.

Mars has some of the deepest canyons:

Planet Mars has some of the deepest canyons among our solar system’s planets. The deepest of them is the Valles Marineris, which is 2485 miles or 4000 kilometers long; some regions even go as deep as 4.3 miles or 7 kilometers. This has made scientists believe that Mars used to have rivers.

Mars has different names:

Mars has different names in different cultures. The Chinese called this planet “the fire star.” The ancient Greeks named this planet after their god of war, “Ares.”

Also, the Egyptians named it “the red one” because of its bright red color, while the Romans called it “Mars.”

The Mars Global Surveyor:

The first successful Mars mission in two decades was the Mars Global Surveyor, which was launched on November 7, 1996. It took thousands of pictures of this red planet. Also, currently, there are 12 man-made objects on Mars.

Hence, Mars is a fascinating planet with several unique features and also a rich history of cultural significance and exploration. 

At the end of this article, we learned about 20 amazing facts about this significant planet in our solar system called Mars. These facts offer us a clear idea about this important part of our universe. To know more, you may visit our website.

Mars Facts
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